The Vascular cerebral Accident (VCA) is from a dysfunction in the blood vessel in a particular locus of the brain. In the injury, it is popularly known as “stroke” or “thrombosis”, which is a silent pathology mediated by actions considered modifiable and non-modifiable, causing reversible and/or permanent injuries respectively. Stroke can be subdivided into: ischemic stroke triggered by a blockage in the cerebral vascularization decreasing or stopping the supply of oxygen in the brain and the hemorrhagic stroke induced by a vascular rupture resulting in extravasation of blood inside the skull, trauma can lead to injury due to blood pressure. The objective of the essay is to evaluate medical records of patients who were hospitalized at a Hospital of Paraíba in the year 2016, aiming to highlight the main causes and consequences through anamnesis of it. The research is a documentary and exploratory study, athwart a pre-elaborated research instrument. The results were introduced through tables, obtained in Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS), Version 22.0, based on the comparison of some variables such as gender, age, history of current pathology and others, correlated to the diagnostic hypothesis of AVC and AVE . In the results and conclusion of this essay it is possible to perceive that the greater the age, the greater the number of cases of Cerebral stroke and Encephalic stroke, decreasing in the extremes of age, being that still high the prevalence of death by this disease , especially by Encephalic stroke. Regarding the previous history, hypertension is one of the main factors associated with the occurrence of Cerebral Stroke and Encephalic Stroke, where in the current history hypertension, smoking and headache are responsible for most cases of stroke and stroke in individuals, and hemiparesis is the skeletal muscle factor that is most associated with pathology.
Keywords : Vascularization. Records. Brain