A.N. Belousov1,2, E.Yu. Belousova1 and A.V. Mysik3

Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a serious neurological disorder due to its widespread prevalence, chronic nature, frequent progression to disability, and tendency to affect young people. The pathogenesis of MS is based on the immunopathogenesis hypothesis. Biocompatible magnetite nanoparticles, which exhibit selective sorption activity towards cell membrane surface proteins, circulating immune com-plexes, lymphocytotoxic antibodies, and the complement system, as well as enhance phagocytic ac-tivity and the completion index of leukocyte phagocytosis, can be effectively used for immunocor-rection. The main goal of the study is to slow the progression of MS, improve the neurological status and overall condition of the patient, and reduce the dynamics of the spread of demyelinating lesions in the brain. Materials and methods: A patient diagnosed with multiple sclerosis, secondary progres-sive type, cerebrospinal form, at the clinical aggravation stage was included in the study. Neurologi-cal status and disability were assessed using the EDSS scale, and brain MRI with contrast enhance-ment was performed. The nanodevice Micromage-B was administered orally as an immunosorbent and immunomodulator. The regimen and dosage of Micromage-B were personalized. Assessments of general condition and neurological status were conducted every 7 days for 6 months, with contrast-enhanced brain MRI performed in the 5th month. Results: The use of Micromage-B in MS treatment led to an objective improvement in neurological status, with reduced stiffness and fatigue in the lower extremities. Gait and coordination improved, hand tremors decreased, depression and concen-tration disorders subsided, appetite was restored, and speech improved. Throughout the treatment period, positive dynamics in the normalization of neurological status were observed. After 6 months, the total score on the EDSS scale decreased from 210 to 45. The most significant improvements were observed in the evaluation of the pyramidal system and coordination, with the EDSS Disability Scale score decreasing from 6.0 to 5.0. For the first time, contrast-enhanced brain MRI showed a reduction in the number of new demyelination foci by the 4th month of Micromage-B administra-tion. The positive changes in neurological status correlated with the MRI results. The recovery of central nervous system activity in MS is likely not only due to the immunosuppressive properties of magnetite nanoparticles but also due to the activation of remyelination mechanisms and oligoden-drocyte differentiation through enzymatic methylation. Conclusion: The use of biocompatible nanodevices in the complex treatment of MS is promising. Further improvement and study of the regimen and method of using biocompatible magnetite nanoparticles to enhance MS treatment effec-tiveness are required.

Keywords: multiple sclerosis; treatment; nanodevice; Micromagе-B; neurological status assessment; remye-lination.

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