Santosh Kumar Mishra

The infectious diseases (IDs), that are defined as “disorders caused by organisms” (such as bacteria, viruses, and fungi); spread, directly or indirectly, from one person to another; are one of the major public health concerns for many societies and communities. In order to prevent mortality and other health-related complication among children, men and women, it is essential to put in place effective public health strategies at all levels. In the broader perspective of this realization, several initiatives have been taken, both at macro and micro levels, for effective management of the IDs. Multi-stakeholders have come forward to address the issue in several countries, including in the United States of America (USA). According to some estimates, the IDs are the third leading cause of death in the US (which has public health law in order to minimize the transmission of this disease). In addition, several stakeholders in the country, both in governmental and non-governmental sectors, have joined hands to prevent spread of the IDs. The Infectious Disease Emergency Response (IDER) Plan of San Francisco in the USA is an initiative the purpose of which is to (a) contain an outbreak of IDs caused by an infectious agent or biological toxin, and (b) respond to other ID emergencies. The author, in this review research paper, primarily aims to study the management of San Francisco’s IDER Plan. Data used in the work are ‘qualitative’ (collected from secondary sources) & method of data analysis is descriptive.

Keywords: Infectious Disease (ID), Management, Infectious Disease Emergency Response (IDER), Outbreak, Mortality, San Francisco, & Surveillance

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