Gotabhaya Ranasinghe*, Anidu Pathirana, Eranga Colombage, Sajeev Shellvacumar, Rasika Sovis, Vishwa Jayasinghe, Theekshana Premawansha, Navarathnam Piratheepan, Dinesh Anandamoorthy, Shenali Delgoda and Kaveesha Perera

Objectives: The following study aims to investigate alcohol septal ablation’s (ASA) role in hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy (HOCM) management, focusing on in-hospital outcomes, efficacy in reducing left ventricular outflow tract (LVOT) obstruction, and safety profiles.
Methods: The study, conducted at the Institute of Cardiology, National Hospital of Sri Lanka, included a total of nine HOCM patients. Participants with exercise-induced symptoms, dyspnea/angina, and specific ventricular gradients were included; unidentified septal branches led to exclusion. Diagnostic assessments, including electrocardiogram, contrast echocardiography, and cardiac catheterization, confirmed HOCM. ASA procedures involved careful target septal branch selection, alcohol injection, and post-procedure care with temporary pacemaker monitoring.
Results: The study population (N=9) comprised seven males and two females, with a mean age of 40. Pre- and post-ablation measurements showed 78% reduction in LVOT gradient. Immediate complications included chest pain (100%), while 22.2% developed complete heart block. Notably, no mortality occurred during the study.
Conclusion: ASA proved safe and effective in managing HOCM, with significant mean reduction in post-ablation LVOT gradient (78%). Complications were generally minor, emphasizing ASA’s viability for symptomatic HOCM patients. While acknowledging the absence of randomized controlled trials comparing ASA with alternative techniques, this study contributes valuable insights to guide collaborative treatment decisions by specialists.

Keywords: Cardiomyopathy, Hypertrophic, Alcohol Ablation.

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