Gaucher disease is the most common lysosomal storage disease. It is marked by deficient glucocerebrosidase enzyme activity, leading to elective accumulation of its substrate in the lysosomes of macrophages. Macrophages are most often deposited in the liver, spleen and bone marrow, creating typical symptomatology in these organs. It is a genetic disorder with autosomal recessive inheritance pattern. The extent of the damage and severity of the symptoms increase in proportion to the genetic damage in the culprit gene, GBA1. As a result, the symptoms and course of the disease may range from mild to quite acute, with potential death of the patient at a young age.
Patient, 29, was diagnosed with Gaucher disease type 1 and underwent enzyme replacement therapy, with satisfactory response. Along with the common symptoms of the disease, he had also developed the rare Erlenmeyer flask deformity.
Keywords: Gaucher Disease, Bone Involvement