Ken Ri Kim1*, Lei Zeng2 and John Xin3

Multi-coloured Jacquard artwork reproduction has been restricted by the modern setting of weaving machinery. To resolve the current limitations, innovative weaving applications have been introduced. The subtractive CMYK system used for colour printing has been employed for multi weave colour reproduction as a wide scope of a weave colour creation is possible by utilizing a small number of weft yarn colours. In use of cyan [C], magenta [M] and yellow [Y] coloured yarns, a range of CMYK secondary colours (red [R], green [G] and blue [B]) production is feasible by juxtaposing a pair of the three yarn colours. In addition, controlling chroma levels of the primary colours is viable by mixing with a black yarn. However, there are variations between CMYK colour mixing and optical yarn colour mixing due to the material differences. Therefore, modifications of the [C], [M], and [Y] colour channels are required to reproduce tertiary colours such as a black colour. This is because opaque and non-blendable yarns are used to create weave colours and therefore, exhibited yarn colours are all perceived together. In use of image processing tools offered by Adobe Photoshop, a pair of the [C], [M], [Y], and [K] colour channels are merged to individually generate the primary ([C], [M], [Y]) and secondary ([R], [G] and [B]) colour channels. In the process, a pair of C, M, Y and K channels is combined based on mathematical functions. As a result, new six colour channels ([C], [M], [Y], [R], [G], and [B]) are created to improve weave colour reproduction accuracy. This study introduces details of the colours segmentation processes and weaving experiment results that examines the significance of the newly developed the colour channels for multi-coloured artwork reproduction.

Keywords: Jacquard, woven textile coloration, CMYK, Multi weave colour reproduction

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