Mohamed Kaizouri*, Wafa Rezaiguia1, Nadia Mohamadi2, Amina Mesbahi-Salhi3

In order to model the environmental impact of leachate produced at the engineered landfill center (ELC) of Bouguerguer, Guelma located in the north east of Algeria. A physico-chemical characterization during 2020, was carried out in order to estimate this impact. For this purpose fourteen parameters have been studied which are, In vivo: pH, conductivity, Salinity. In vitro: Organic element contents (BOD5, COD); Heavy metal contents (Fe, Zn, Pb, Cd and Cr); The contents of nutrient elements (Nitrate, Nitrite, Ammonium and Suspended matter). The results obtained show that the leachates studied, have the following characteristics: A basic pH of 8,85 , Suspended matter a fairly large load with 5397,92 mg/L. The organic load interpreted by a COD that reaches an average 1603, 75 mg O2/L and a BOD5 that reaches an average of 778,54 mg O2/L, which strongly justifies the presence of organic pollution. The mineral pollution is also present, translated by a high electrical conductivity which reaches an average value of 33,38 mS/cm, Nitrates and nitrites average 15,68 and 17,93 mg/l respectively. The leachates are also characterized by a high content of Fr, Zn, Pb, Cd and Cr with an average of (42,70 ; 10,44 ; 8,27 ; 4,37 and 5,97 mg/l) respectively. Noting that the results obtained constitute the first characterization of leachates in this landfill and thus provide a database for future research.

Keywords: leachate; household waste; heavy metals; pollution.

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