Probiotics are beneficial bacteria that, when consumed in adequate amounts, can promote a healthy microbiota and improve various bodily functions. These microorganisms can be found in fermented foods like yogurt, kefir, and sauerkraut, as well as in dietary supplements. The human body contains trillions of microorganisms, collectively known as the microbiota, which play crucial roles in maintaining human health. However, disruptions to the microbiota can lead to dysbiosis, a state of imbalance that has been linked to several health problems. Probiotics can help restore and maintain a healthy microbiota by introducing beneficial bacteria into the gut. Research has shown that probiotics can alleviate symptoms of digestive problems like diarrhea, constipation, and irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). They can also have a positive impact on the immune system by enhancing the activity of immune cells and increasing the production of antibodies. Probiotics have also been studied for their potential to improve allergies, eczema, and respiratory infections. However, more research is needed to determine the optimal strains, doses, and formulations of probiotics for specific conditions. Conclusively, probiotics have significant potential to improve human health by promoting a healthy microbiota and supporting various bodily functions. However, further research is necessary to fully understand their benefits and to develop evidence-based guidelines for their use.
Keywords : Probiotics, Lactobacillus, Diseases, health purposes, gut