Krsto Mijanović*, Aida Varupa


The quality of fruits and vegetables as products in their unprocessed form primarily refers to the influence of pesticides and artificial fertilizers on the change in the composition of water and dry matter in the fruit, and of the dry matter, the most important are carbohydrates, proteins, then lipids, pectins, vitamins, mineral substanc-es, fruit and mineral acids, plant pigments, tannic substances, flavoring substances, enzymes, natural coatings, sorbitol, glucosides and other trace substances. Increased and uncontrolled application of pesticides and use of artificial fertilizers beyond doses and concentrations can lead to a change in the composition of the fruit and an increase in the proportion of residues in it. The research in this paper shows that good production practices directly affect the reduction of pesticide use in agricultural production, which will result in an in-crease in the quality and safety of fruit use. Accordingly, the market has increased the demand for fruit result-ing from good agricultural practices and organic cultivation. From soil preparation, sowing, planting and maintenance of plantations in an environmentally acceptable way, you can get quality fruits and vegetables as products in unprocessed form. It was concluded that the biggest role in the entire chain is played by the agri-cultural producer/farmer, who should adhere to good agricultural practices, dosage and concentration when treating with protective agents against pests and when feeding only the plants.

Keywords: Fruit quality, food safety, pesticides, doses and concentrations, agricultural practice

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